President Muhammadu Buhari’s victory in the February 23, presidential election has been ratified by the Supreme Court.
The court on Wednesday dismissed appeal challenging Buhari’s victory as declared by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC).
Chief Justice of Nigeria (CJN) Justice Tanko Mohammad, delivering judgment, on Wednesday, led six other justices to unanimously dismiss the appeal for lack of merit.
The other justices on the panel included Bode Rhodes Vivour; Ejembi Eko; Olukayode Ariowola; Amiru Sanusi; and Uwani Aba-Aji.
Mohammed held: “We have examined all the briefs and exhibits for over two weeks and we have agreed that there is no merit in this appeal.
“The appeal is hereby dismissed and reasons for our decision would be given on a date to be announced”.
The Presidential candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), Alhaji Atiku Abubakar had approached the apex court alongside his party to challenge the decision of the presidential election Tribunal to dismiss their appeal.
The Petition Tribunal had on Sept. 10 upheld Buhari’s victory in the Feb. 23 general election.
Chairman of the tribunal, Justice Mohammed Garba, who led a five-man panel, held that the petitioners failed to discharge the burden of proof expected of them.
The appellants invited the court to decide whether Buhari was qualified to contest the election on the bases of alleged discrepancy on his educational qualification.
They prayed the apex court to decide whether the alleged false information by the president on his educational qualification amounted to perjury.
The appellants further urged the court to decide whether or not the INEC did not transmit the results of the election electronically via its central server.
They also asked the court to decide whether the respondents did not benefit from widespread rigging, over voting, violence, intimidation allegedly perpetrated by their agents and security forces deployed to oversee the conduct of the election.
The PDP and its candidate had urged the court to hold that the president did not secure majority lawful votes.
In the light of the above, Counsel for the appellants, Dr Livy Uzoukwu, SAN, while adopting his client’s address urged the apex to upturn the decision of the lower court, insisting that the tribunal erred on its viewpoint concerning all the contending issues.
Arguing the issue of qualification, Uzoukwu averred that the second respondent (Buhari) failed to present all of the educational credentials that he claimed to have obtained.
He also said that Buhari’s lawyers also failed to provide explanation on the alleged discrepancy associated with his first name where “Mohamed’’ and not “Muhammadu’’ appeared on his West Africa Cambridge examination record.
“My Lords, no pleadings, no evidence was given as to why the president failed to maintain a name. The lower court simply speculated on the name and ruled in his favour.
“We also discovered that no reason has been given by the second respondent while it is impossible to bring forth any of the three certificates he claimed to have obtained.
“Nobody, not even his witnesses have given evidence on whether they have sighted either the original or photocopies of those certificates.
“Not even his testimonials allegedly obtained from both primary and secondary schools he attended were pleaded,” Uzoukwu said.
Atiku’s lawyer also argued the issue of server, saying the apex court should take judicial notice of the fact that the new Section 52 (2) of the Electoral Act allowed the electoral body to conduct election in line with its own set guideline.
“It is spurious and strange that the first respondent (INEC) has denied the use of server to transmit the Feb.23 election results,’’ Uzoukwu said.
In the circumstance, Uzoukwu prayed the court to set aside the decision of the tribunal and uphold his client’s appeal.
The appeal had sought the for Atiku to be declared president, stressing that he scored the majority and lawful votes.
Counsel to the INEC, Mr Yunus Usman, SAN, however, described the appeal as “speculative’’ and lacked merit, saying that the appellants’ pleadings were disjointed.
Usman responding to the issue of server said the electoral body did not adopt electronic means in transmitting the results of the election, adding that they were transmitted manually.
“The appeal woefully failed to prove that the first appellant scored the majority and lawful votes in the election. This was because they were only able to call five polling agents from 191,000 polling units across the country to testify.
“The requirement of the law mandates that appellants to present witnesses from all of the polling units they had challenged the accurate status of results from the election.
“We therefore, pray the court to dismiss the appeal with heavy conpensation,’’ Usman said.
Counsel for Buhari, Chief Wole Olanipekun, SAN, aligned himself with Usman’s submission, saying that the appeal lacked the basic components of ingredients that could convince the court to uphold it.
Olanipekun, went further to describe the petition as a “sham’’ as it lacked substance and merit.
“I have handled a few electoral petition cases, this is one petition that yarns for help, for assistance and for evidence but could not get any.
“Apart from the hype the matter has generated, there is nothing in law to support the allegations before the tribunal,” Olanipekun said.
On the qualification of the president, Olanipekun said Section 131 (b) had settled that matter.
“I make bold to say that the constitution and case laws had not compelled the candidates of the election to tendered certificates or attached same to INEC nomination forms”.
On his part, Counsel for All Progressive Congress (APC) Mr Lateef Fagbemi, SAN, said he could not help but take the liberty to align himself with the submissions made by Olanipekun.
“My Lords it is disheartening to see that this petition still remains watery at this stage.
“The petition made allegations they could not proof. We have done a table showing how the petitioners have proven the case so far.
“The election took place in 119,976 Polling Units, 8,901 Wards in 774 Local Government Areas across the country.
“It is sad therefore to see that the petitioners only called 62 witnesses. Out of this figure, only five witnesses gave direct evidence of what happened in polling units on the day of election.
“I feel sad that this matter has been starved of evidence and therefore deserves to be dismissed,’’ Fagbemi said.
Parties in the suit had earlier pledged to abide by judgment on the main petition in spite of their pleadings in six other interlocutory applications before the court.
INEC had declared Buhari as the winner of the election after scoring 15,191,847 votes as against Atiku’s 11, 262,978 votes.