The Federal government, States and Local Governments shared N3.879 trillion in the first half of 2020 from the Federal Accounts Allocation Committee (FAAC).
A breakdown of the disbursements showed that N1.53 trillion went to the Federal Government, N1.29 trillion went to the states while the 774 local government areas received N771.34 billion
The Nigeria Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (NEITI) released this data are contained in the latest edition of the quarterly review of the released in Abuja.
According to the NEITI Quarterly Review, the N1.53 trillion received by the FG in H1 2020 was 4.28% lower than the N1.599 trillion it got in the first half of 2019 and 7.36% lower than the N1.652 trillion it received in the first half of 2018.
The decline witnessed at the federal level is the same for the states and local government areas: “For states, a total of N1.298 trillion was disbursed in the first half of 2020. This was 2.8% lower than the N1.35 trillion disbursed in the first half of 2019, and 5.6% lower than the N1.375 trillion disbursed in the first half of 2020”, the report noted.
For local government areas, the 2020 first half disbursements were 2.64% and 3.04% lower than the corresponding disbursements for 2019 and 2018 respectively.
However, the report noted that disbursements in Q2 2020 were 1.09% higher than total disbursements in Q2 2019 and 3.66% lower than the one for Q2 2018.
In the second quarter of 2020, FAAC disbursements stood at N1.934 trillion. This amount was made up of N739.2 billion to the Federal Government, N629.3 billion to state governments, and N375.4 billion to the 774 local government areas.
The report showed that the total FAAC disbursements in the second quarter of 2020 was slightly lower than the N1.945 trillion distributed in the first quarter of 2020. This corresponded with the projections made in the previous issue of the NEITI Quarterly Review which projected lower FAAC disbursement in the second quarter.
The NEITI report linked the 0.55% decrease in Q2 2020 to a couple of factors, namely: “rebound in oil prices in the second quarter as a result of ease of lockdowns by countries across the world and the adjustment of the official exchange rate by the CBN from N307/$1 to N360/$1 in March resulting in higher naira disbursements.”
The report also revealed that FAAC disbursements in the first quarter and second quarter of 2020 were very volatile, with the difference in total disbursements between months ranging between N58.9 billion and N199.3 billion.
During the period under review, the “disbursements were very volatile in the first half of 2020, compared to 2018 and 2019. Unlike 2018 and 2019 where aggregate disbursements increased and decreased in successive months, in 2020 they fell for two consecutive months, increased in one month, and then decreased for two straight months,” the report stated.
The report also pointed out that in the months review, in 2020, aggregate disbursements fluctuated by large amounts, compared to 2018 and 2019. “Aggregate disbursements were N716.3 billion in January and this fell to N647.4 billion in February,” stated the report. “Thereafter, disbursements fell to N581.6 billion in March, before increasing to N780.9 billion in April.
Disbursements then fell to N606.2 billion in May and to N547.3 billion in June. These figures indicate differences of N68.9 billion between January and February, N65.7 billion between February and March, N199.3 billion between March and April, N174.7 billion between April and May, and N58.9 billion between May and June. For comparison, the highest inter-month difference in the first half of 2018 was N62.9 billion, while the corresponding figure for 2019 was N63.5 billion. Thus, there have been very wide fluctuations in aggregate disbursements so far in 2020.”
NEITI also disclosed that from January to May 2020, actual government revenue was N1.62 trillion, representing “62% of the expected pro-rata revenue of N2.62 trillion from the revised budget”. That also explained a shortfall of 38% in government revenue for the first five months of the year. As oil prices continue to rise, and with the increased pace of economic activities, NEITI projects that “Government revenue will perform better in the second half of 2020, with the possibility of shortfalls in revenue compared to budgeted figures”.
On total net FAAC disbursements and deductions for states for the first half of 2020, the NEITI Quarterly Review showed wide disparities. For instance, Osun State had the lowest net disbursement of N13.13 billion, while Delta State had the highest net disbursement of N100.81 billion. This implies that Delta State received seven times the disbursement that Osun State received.
The report:: “total net disbursements received by Delta State (N100.81 billion) was higher than the combined total net disbursements of N99.47 billion received by six states – Osun, Cross River, Plateau, Ogun, Gombe and Ekiti. Also, the combined total net disbursements of N321.29 billion received by the four highest receiving states of Delta, Akwa Ibom, Rivers, and Bayelsa were higher than the combined total net disbursements of N314.08 billion received by 16 states – Osun, Cross River, Plateau, Ogun, Gombe, Ekiti, Zamfara, Kwara, Nassarawa, Ebonyi, Taraba, Benue, Adamawa, Ondo, Bauchi, and Abia”. While Lagos State had the highest deductions, Yobe State had the lowest.